There have been many talks about the nature of the modern state and its potential use as-is among the Left. The opinion that has prevailed in the political stage in terms of popularity is the one that has also been attacked (and justly) the most; I am of course talking about reformism. But that contradiction should not be considered strange by any means. It is expected from the capitalist system to support the tendencies that are willing to act exclusively within its boundaries and suppress the voices that threaten not only the practices on economical and social issues that the capitalist system usually endorses through its puppet-politicians, but the existence of capitalism itself. Let’s face it, the only acceptable Leftist position on the state always remains the same from the times of Marx until now: The state does what is necessary for the preservation of the capitalist system.
How so? I know cases, in which the state protected the worker, not the capitalist. There are laws that can be used as an evidence for that, the average person would say without looking behind the illusion of the particular, without looking at the decisions of the various administrations of the state as connected, as a sum in which nothing supportive for the worker remains. It is true and let it be said that the state may go against the interest of that and that capitalist at times, but even when it does so, it is for the shake of the capitalist class as a whole. This is the usefulness of the state; it tries to eliminate the difference between the interests of the individual capitalist and the capitalist class, when these are contradicting. But this can never be fully achieved. The capitalist cannot become self-conscious of the interests of his class. The nature of capitalism obligates him to be antagonistic to other capitalists. It could be stated that the state stands in in the middle of the capitalist and his class and when needed obligates him to follow the interests of his class (which are also the long-term interests of him, although from his point of view that cannot be understood), while leaving him “economically free” when not.
But that is not the only thing the state does for the capitalist. From the military and the police to schools and prisons the state protects the system, every institution of it embodies the system in its particular case. The representative, the reconciliator, the physical force… the state is for capitalism more than it is usually thought to be. The state is the capitalist state; the capitalist class in its unity. Its aim? The longing of capitalism and itself.